Liechtenstein


LI

Official (constitutional) name of the country: Principality of Liechtenstein (Fürstentum Liechtenstein)

Organisation of the judicial system


1st instance: Court of Justice (Fürstliches Landgericht)
2nd instance: Court of Appeals (Fürstliches Obergericht)
3rd instance: Supreme Court (Fürstlicher Oberster Gerichtshof)
constitutional rights: State Court (Staatsgerichtshof)

in criminal matters:
Office of the Public prosecutor (Liechtensteinische Staatsanwaltschaft):
applies for specific investigation measures
investigation Judge: carries out the applied investigation measures and coercive measures.

 

Judicial cooperation
 

General description of the national system for international judicial cooperation in criminal matters

The competent authority for execution of MLA requests is the Court of Justice (Fürstliches Landgericht).
Address: Fürstliches Landgericht, Spaniagasse 1, FL-9490 Vaduz, Principality of Liechtenstein, in urgent cases prior via Fax: +423 236 65 66 (for direct transmission),

The central authority is the Office of Justice (Amt für Justiz).
Address: Amt für Justiz, Aeulestrasse 70, P.O. Box 684, FL-9490 Vaduz, Principality of Liechtenstein (for transmission via Ministry of Justice).

The Office of the Public Prosecutor (Liechtensteinische Staatsanwaltschaft) is party of the procedure and represents the interests of the requesting state (can file appeals).
Requests for transfer of criminal proceedings are to address to the Office of the Public Prosecutor (Liechtensteinische Staatsanwaltschaft).
Address: Liechtensteinische Staatsanwaltschaft, Heiligkreuz 49, P.O. Box 684, FL-9490 Vaduz, Principality of Liechtenstein.

 Text in original language, English and/or other available languages of the relevant national laws/provisions of the Criminal Procedure Codes on judicial cooperation in criminal matters:
MLA requests and the text of the relevant provisions have to be sent in German language (European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters, ETS 030, declaration to article 16 para 2).

 

Links to the relevant sections of the Council of Europe and United Nations Treaties Offices websites containing information on the conventions to which Liechtenstein is party

 

Council of Europe Treaty Office

 
United Nations Treaty Collection

Extradition:
European Convention on Extradition 13.12.1957, Paris (ETS 024)
1st additional protocol to the European Convention on Extradition
Schengen Convention
- bilateral treaties
- in lack of any treaty: domestic Law on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters;

“other” assistance:
European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters 20.04.1959, Strasbourg (ETS 030)
1st additional protocol to the European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters 17.03.1978 (ETS 099)
2nd additional protocol to the European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters 08.11.2001 (ETS 182)
Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds of Crime 8.11.1990, Strasbourg (ETS 141)
Schengen Convention
- bilateral treaties
- in lack of any treaty: domestic Law on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters;

Transfer of Criminal Proceedings:
- European Convention on the Transfer of Proceedings in Criminal Matters 15.05.1972, Strasbourg (ETS 073)
- domestic Law on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters;

Transfer of Sentenced Persons:
European Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons 21.03.1983, Strasbourg (ETS 112)
Additional protocol to the European Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons 18.12.1997, Strasbourg (ETS 167)
Schengen Convention
- domestic Law on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters;

 

National case law relevant for judicial cooper ation in criminal matters

Information on the organisation of the EJN
Liechtenstein has one single contact point for the whole country which is operated by two prosecutors.

Useful national links
Ministry of Justice/Office of Justice (Amt für Justiz): www.aju.llv.li
Courts (Gerichte): www.gerichte.li
Office of the Public Prosecutor (Liechtensteinische Staatsanwaltschaft): www.llv.li/#/1349/staatsanwaltschaft
National legislation database: www.gesetze.li

Recent national developments on judicial cooperation in criminal matters

Other useful information

 

Conditions for extradition/mutual legal assistance:
- double criminality, judicially punishable act
- extraditable criminal act: intentionally committed offence, which is punished with more than one year of imprisonment; transfer of criminal proceedings: additionally at least four month of imprisonment to execute
- fiscal criminal acts: mutual legal assistance (but not extradition) is granted in cases concerning consumption taxes, VAT or customs (article 50 Schengen Convention);

 

No extradition/mutual legal assistance is granted:
- for cases concerning political, military or fiscal crimes, exception see above
- extradition of own nationals
- ne bis in idem (article 54 ff. Schengen Convention)
- violation of the ordre public;

 

Content of the Letter of Request:
- legal basis
- declaration for reciprocity
- requesting authority
- competent investigating or prosecuting authority
- contact details of a contact person with knowledge of the case
- personal data of the investigated or prosecuted person
- legal qualification of the offence, wording of the relevant article of law
- facts of the offence as time, location and way of perpetration
- reason of the request: link between the evidence and the requested measures  in Liechtenstein
- defined requested measures (e.g. name of Bank, number of account, name of legal entity, name of witness,…)
- in written form
- in German language or in German translation.

 

Information on Contact Persons can be found at the Liechtenstein page of the Cooperation with third countries and judicial networks section.

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