Fiches Belges
Measure Implementation
Measure possibility

Legal Framework
Applicable Framework

Competent authority
Request/decision
Execute/recognise measure

Accepted Languages
Languages

Execution Deadline
Deadlines

Legal info
Special requirements
Other information

Fiches Belges: Spania

Confruntarea (713)

1. MEASURE IMPLEMENTATION

Spania

Is this measure possible in your Member State under International Judicial Cooperation?

Yes, it is possible. The applicable law is the Criminal Procedural Ac. :Confrontation, referred to in Articles 451 to 455 and 729, is the proceedings at which a confrontation takes place between the statements given by the various accused persons or by the various witnesses, or between the statements of the accused and the witnesses, so that, through the explanations given by both parties, the truth concerning a point of interest for the question relating to which the contradictory versions are assessed may be established.

2. LEGAL FRAMEWORK

Spania

International legal framework applicable for this measure in your Member State

Convention of 29 May 2000 on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Member States of the European Union European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters of 1959

3. COMPETENT AUTHORITY TO:

Spania

* receive the request/decision for judicial cooperation

The request can be sent to the: a) Public Prosecutor Service; or b) Investigating Judge or Central Investigating Judge at the National Court, according to the scope of their respective objective competence (see Judicial Atlas).

* execute/recognise the measure (if other than the receiving authority)

Public Prosecutor, Investigating Judge or Central Investigating Judge at the National Court.

4. ACCEPTED LANGUAGES

Spania

Accepted languages for the request/decision

The only accepted language is Spanish.

5. EXECUTION DEADLINE

Spania

Deadlines for the execution of the request/decision (where applicable)

N/A

6. CONCISE LEGAL PRACTICAL INFORMATION

Spania

a. Special requirements

Thes suspects who take part in the confrontation have the rights mentioned in Article 118 Act Criminal Procedure: 1. Any person liable for a punishable act may exercise his right to defence, taking part in proceedings, since the notification of the existence of such right, either held in detention or under any other precautionary measure or when his prosecution has been decreed and, for that purpose, the person shall be informed without undue delay of the following rights: a) Right to be informed about facts attributed to the individual as well as about any relevant change produced in the object of the investigation and on facts alleged. This information shall be provided with a sufficient degree of detail for the effective exercise of the right to defence. b) Right to examine proceedings in due course to safeguard the right of defence and, in any case, before the person’s statement is taken. c) Right to act in the criminal process to exercise the right of defence in accordance with the law. d) Right to have a counsel of his choice, without prejudice of the provisions of Subsection 1 a) of the Article 527. e) Right to apply for free legal aid, the procedure for doing so and conditions to obtain it. f) Right to free translation and interpretation as provided for in Articles 123 and 127. g) Right to keep silent and not to make any statement if the person is unwilling to do so and not to answer any of the questions made. h) Right not to incriminate oneself or to confess guilt. The information referred to in this subsection shall be given in accessible and intelligible language. For these purposes, the information shall be adjusted to the age of the intended person, the maturity level, incapacity and any other personal circumstances resulting in a constraint of the capacity to understand the extent of the information provided. 2. The right to defence shall be exercised without restrictions other than those expressly established by law since the investigated criminal act has been charged until the penalty is extinguished. The right to defence includes the legal assistance by a counsel of free choice or, in his absence, of a duty counsel with whom the individual may contact and to meet privately, prior to make a statement before the police, the prosecutor or the judicial authority, without prejudice to the provisions under Article 527, right that he shall maintain in all statements and recognition proceedings, confrontations and reconstruction of facts. 3. In order to act in the process, the investigated persons shall be represented by solicitor and defended by lawyer, the latter being appointed ex officio when the persons themselves did not choose them and requested their appointment and, in any case, if they had no legal capacity to do so. In the event they did not appoint solicitor or lawyer, they should be requested to do so or those shall be appointed ex-officio whenever the investigated persons did not appoint them and the case would reach at a stage requiring the advice of legal counsels or when their action would be essential for lodging an appeal. 4. Any communication between the investigated person or accused and his lawyer shall remain confidential. 5. The admission of a report or complaint or any other procedural action resulting in the indictment against certain person or persons, shall be immediately notified to individuals allegedly responsible.

b. Other useful information

N/A

Last reviewed on 6 iulie 2016 by Secretariatul RJE

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