Fichas Belgas
Measure Implementation
Measure possibility

Legal Framework
Applicable Framework

Competent authority
Execute/recognise measure

Accepted Languages

Execution Deadline

Legal info
Special requirements
Other information

Fiches Belges: República Checa

Examen médico psiquiátrico (303)


República Checa

Is this measure possible in your Member State under International Judicial Cooperation?

The expert evidence on the mental condition of an accused or a witness is admitted in case there arose doubts concerning his/her state of mind. The results may be important e.g. for establishing criminal liablity (or lack thereof). This measure can be executed for all types of offences. In exceptional cases it can be carried out in also in relation to a witness in case that a witness' testimony is particularly important for a decision and there are serious doubts that his/her ability to perceive and testify is considerably diminished.


República Checa

International legal framework applicable for this measure in your Member State

Directive 2014/41/EU regarding the European Investigation Order in criminal matters was implemented in the Czech law and the EIO became effective from 16 August 2018. It is applicable in relation to the Member States, which have also implemented the EIO Directive. For the countries, which have not implemented the EIO Directive so far, the following legal framework is applicable: European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters of April 20, 1959 and its first and second Additional Protocol of 1978 and 2001 respectively. Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Member States of the European union of May 29, 2000 and its Protocol of 2001. Bilateral treaties on legal assistance in criminal matters. Requests for legal assistance may also be accepted in the absence of legal framework on the principle of reciprocity.


República Checa

* receive the request/decision for judicial cooperation

In case of standard MLA requests the central authority for receiving requests in pre-trial proceedings is the Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office, and for receiving requests in trial stage of proceedings the Ministry of Justice. The request may also be sent directly to the competent authorities when the Requesting state proceeds according to Second Additional Protocol of 2001 to the COE 1959 Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance or the EU 2000 Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters.

* execute/recognise the measure (if other than the receiving authority)

The authority competent to order this measure in trial proceedings is the court and in pre-trial proceedings the judge upon a petition of public prosecutor. The examination is conducted by an expert in the field of psychiatry.


República Checa

Accepted languages for the request/decision

Czech. When proceeding according to COE 1959 Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters and its additional Protocols, translation of requests is not required on the condition of reciprocity. When proceeding according to EU 2000 Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters, translation of requests is not required on the condition of reciprocity. The language regime of requests may be modified by bilateral treaties between the Czech Republic and the requesting state - i.e. bilateral treaty with Germany amending the COE 1959 Convention.


República Checa

Deadlines for the execution of the request/decision (where applicable)



República Checa

a. Special requirements

Section 47 (2) of the Act on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (MLA Act) requires meeting the condition of dual criminality for executing requests for psychiatric medical examination.

b. Other useful information

The expert opinion on the examined person is based on observation of pychic state of the examined person, which should not take longer than two months. However, in complicated cases the examining expert may request extending the period by one more month.

Last reviewed on 13 agosto 2018 by Tools Correspondent
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